Jade is a name shared by two distinctly different minerals — nephrite, a calcium magnesium silicate, and jadeite, a sodium aluminum silicate. Nephrite has a hardness of 6, and jadeite has a hardness of 6.5 to 7. Both have monoclinic crystal systems and are exceptionally tough stones, a trait caused by their finely interlocked and strongly bonded crystal structures. The name jade is derived, rather accidentally, from the Spanish term piedra de yjada (or lapis nephrictus in Latin), meaning stone of the loin; when the term was misprinted in a French translation, it became pierre le jade.

The various types of jade and jadeite are still prized for their healing and protective properties, but new aspects of their spiritual energies are also being discovered. In discussing metaphysical properties, we will refer to both nephrite and jadeite as jade.

Jade is a stone with a heart of healing, and a stone for healing the heart. It represents harmony and happiness in business and family relationships. Green jade can harmonize and balance the heart, chakra, aiding in booth emotional and physical well-being. It can be used to attract abundance and prosperity and to broadcast peace and loving-kindness to all those in one's surroundings It also helps strengthen and soothe the nervous system. Jade offers support in detoxification and in the regeneration of the tissues after trauma or surgery and is helpful in soothing the nervous system. It can also assist those who suffer from hives, rashes, or outbreaks that are exacerbated by stress.

Source: From The Book of Stones by Robert Simmons & Naisha Ahsian

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